A modern city in the western Negev Desert, some 10 kilometers north of the Gaza Strip. Near to the modern city are the remains of the ancient seaport of Ashkelon, which was one of the oldest and largest seaports in biblical Canaan. Archaeological excavations have discerned evidence of settlement in the area since the Bronze Age. The Israeli national plan of June 1949 designated the former Arab village of Majdal as the site for a regional urban center of 20,000. By 1961, Ashkelon ranked 18th amongst Israeli urban centers with a population of 24,000. Currently it is Israel's 13th largest city with a population of 108,000 in 2007. It is a northern terminus for the trans-Israel pipeline, which brings petroleum products from Eilat to an oil terminal at the port. In 2005, the world's then-largest water desalination plant opened at Ashkelon with a capacity of 330,000 cubic meters of water per day. These Israeli strategic assets have been targeted by Qas-sam missiles launched from the Gaza Strip since Israel's 2005 unilateral disengagement.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

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  • ASHKELON — (Heb. אַשְׁקְלוֹן; Askelon, Ascalon). Ancient Period One of the five Philistine city states and a seaport in the southern coastal plain of Ereẓ Israel situated 12 mi. (19 km.) north of Gaza and 10 mi. (16 km.) south of Ashdod. The etymology of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ashkélon — Ashkelon « Ascalon » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Ascalon (homonymie). Ashkelon (Ascalon) (he) אשקלו …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ashkelon — [ash′kə län΄] alt. sp. of ASHQELON * * * Ash·ke·lon or Ash·qe·lon (ăshʹkə lŏn , äshʹkĕ lôn ) An ancient city of southwest Palestine on the Mediterranean Sea. Inhabited as early as the third millennium B.C., it was a seat of worship for the… …   Universalium

  • Ashkelon — [ash′kə län΄] alt. sp. of ASHQELON …   English World dictionary

  • Ashkelon — For other uses, see Ashkelon (disambiguation). Ashkelon Hebrew transcription(s)    Hebrew …   Wikipedia

  • Ashkelon — « Ascalon » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Ascalon (homonymie). Ashkelon (Ascalon) (he) אשקלון (ar)  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ashkelon — Aschkelon Basisdaten hebräisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ashkelon —    =Askelon=Ascalon, was one of the five cities of the Philistines (Josh. 13:3; 1 Sam. 6:17). It stood on the shore of the Mediterranean, 12 miles north of Gaza. It is mentioned on an inscription at Karnak in Egypt as having been taken by king… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Ashkelon — Ashkelọn   [ ʃ ], Stadt in Israel, Ashqelon …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ashkelon — n. city in the south of Israel …   English contemporary dictionary

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